Vapor Venting An Unvented Roof
In Praise of Belts and Suspenders
"Classic Ridge Rot" documented by the Building Science Corporation in Alaska
Planes can fly safely with one engine. And you can keep your pants up with just a belt. But if you're looking to be protected from fools, then adding suspenders to the belt might be what sets you free. So while we've previously outlined the essential importance of inboard airtightness and vapor control and have specifically written on The 8 Golden Rules for Foam-Free Unvented Asphalt Shingled Roofs - you're still looking for that vent. And admittedly, we really should vent all our walls and roofs on the exterior as described in our blog post A high performance roof should be vented – how to do this properly, for maximum protection. Yet sometimes venting isn't in the cards - due to cost or existing conditions for example ...and you're still looking for that vent.
Interestingly, as Joe Lstiburek of the Building Science Corporation has pointed out in BSI-088: Venting Vapor, the moisture damage found in unvented roofs is often at the ridges - using SIP panels in Alaska, and cellulose roof in Northern California in his Building America Report 1511 with Kohta Ueno, as illustrations.
Again, tested and verified inboard airtightness with smart vapor control, following the 8 Golden Rules, will eliminate this problem. But when you're still looking for the suspenders, Joe identifies a great set: the ridge vapor vent.
Ridge Vapor Vent (adapted from BSC)
Like draining an infection, the ridge vapor vent is a release valve at the point of potential highest moisture concentration. The ridge vapor vent is formed by holding/cutting back the vapor retarding OSB/plywd sheathing and replacing it with vapor open GUTEX Multiplex or exterior grade gypsum board. Over the GWB provide vapor open waterproof and airtight SOLITEX Mento 1000. Then install the ridge roofing on furring strips - forming a mini back vented roof.