Sizing Lunos e² through-wall ventilation units
Installed in pairs, the Lunos e² provides a unique high performance ventilation solution for retrofits and new homes. A Lunos system provides between 10 and 22 cfm, depending on the controller setting - a small amount by any standard. For larger spaces, installing multiple systems can achieve higher ventilation requirements while still pocketing significant savings compared to high efficiency centralized systems. To make sure that homes achieve proper ventilation levels, we offer the following guidelines for sizing your Lunos systems. Our recommendations are based on ASHRAE 62.2 residential ventilation standard for buildings three stories and less, which is required by some jurisdictions and certifications.
Lunos Air Flow Diagram
To add to the fun, the ASHRAE standard was recently revised with increasing ventilation levels - with significant implications on flows, equipment sizing and heat losses. Joe Lstiburek of Building Science Corporation (BSC) has called for these new standards to be ignored. In fact, he has issued his own guidelines that give credit where the ventilation is balanced, distributed and in an airtight enclosure. If these conditions are met, then the new BSC standard suggests ventilation rates like the old 62.2 standard. But there's more (or less): Joe says that even these rates are too high and are not needed to generally insure good health - and that they can be lower still. How low is anybody's guess. The bottom line is that the BSC flow recommendations generally align with Passive House Institute guidelines. 475 sees the BSC standard as a valid alternative to the current ASHRAE 62.2 standard. See the BSC ventilation standard here.
We offer two ventilation sizing recommendations below, starting first with the BSC guidelines, then followed by the new (2013) ASHRAE 62.2 standard recommendations.
SIZING PER BSC
Per BSC total cfm required = 7.5 per occupant + (area x 0.01). (Occupant number is determined by the number of bedrooms + one.)
For the output of a Lunos pair we use the high setting of 22 cfm/pair - assuming it will be typically running at the lower medium setting. Let's illustrate using a few common rough home size/configurations:
- 450 sf studio = 7.5cfm*1 + (450 x 0.01) = 12 cfm min. = One pair
- 650 sf one bedroom = 7.5cfm*2 + (650 x 0.01) = 22 cfm min. = One pair
- 1,000 sf two bedroom = 7.5cfm*3 + (1,000 x 0.01) = 32.5 cfm min. = Two pair
- 1,500 sf three bedroom = 7.5cfm*4 + (1,500 x 0.01) = 45 cfm = Three pair
- 2,000 sf four bedroom = 7.5cfm*5 + (2,000 x 0.01) = 57.5 cfm min. = Three pair
As the numbers suggest, more fans are required as the home moves from a modest size to a larger size.
eGO Room Ventilation
The Lunos e² systems are installed in the living areas of the home - including bedrooms, living rooms, offices, etc. Bathrooms and kitchens generally require separate dedicated ventilation systems. For these spaces, our best practice recommendation is to install the Lunos eGO system for optimal comfort and efficiency. Alternatively, traditional exhaust fans can be used with intermittent operation. The exhaust fans should have timers, motion sensors or switches to limit their use and their impact on the overall ventilation efficiency.
SIZING PER ASHRAE 62.2
- 450 sf studio = 7.5cfm*1 + (450 x 0.03) = 21 cfm min. = One pair
- 650 sf one bedroom = 7.5cfm*2 + (650 x 0.03) = 34.5 cfm min. = Two pair
- 1,000 sf two bedroom = 7.5cfm*3 + (1,000 x 0.03) = 52.5 cfm min. = Three pair
- 1,500 sf three bedroom = 7.5cfm*4 + (1,500 x 0.03) = 75 cfm = Four pair
- 2,000 sf four bedroom = 7.5cfm*5 + (2,000 x 0.03) = 97.5 cfm min. = Five pair