Introduction to Intello
The keystone to long-lasting airtightness and vapor control.The INTELLO membrane, manufactured by Pro Clima of Schwetzingen Germany, is the state-of-the-art interior vapor control and air-tightness membrane for cold and mixed climates. It is an intelligent membrane that changes permeability in a range from <0.13 perms in winter to 13.2 perms in summer depending on the relative humidity of the air around it. This intelligent range of permeability gives assemblies maximum protection against moisture damage by avoiding the dew-point occurring in the insulated assembly.
Drying Capacity > Moisture Stress = Freedom from Damage
As insulation levels and air-tightness rise to meet greater demands for energy efficiency and comfort, optimizing the drying capacity becomes ever more important.
When to use INTELLO
- When Code requires a Class II vapor retarder: INTELLO provides an interior Class II vapor retarder and interior airtight layer.
- When assemblies have significant vapor retarding or vapor closed outboard layers: In assemblies that have limited outward drying potential, like vapor closed roofs (flat or asphalt shingles), foam insulation boards or exterior sheathing (OSB, plywood), INTELLO provides inward drying capability.
- When retrofitting a Historic Masonry building with interior insulation: INTELLO helps address concerns about moisture levels of brickwork and freeze-thaw damage, while providing a verifiable and repairable airtight layer.
- When installing batt insulation: INTELLO provides airtightness, eliminates worries of convective currents, and manages moisture in all seasons to avoid vapor condensation problems.
- When interior airtightness is desired: INTELLO provides a continuous, visibly verifiable, and repairable interior airtight membrane in addition to vapor control.
The Science of INTELLO
Similar to natural materials like wood, INTELLO changes its vapor permeability in response to the relative humidity of the surrounding air. The membrane becomes more vapor open when exposed to higher relative humidities and more vapor closed in drier conditions. The engineered membrane achieves a range of permeability and safety not possible with other (smart or variable) vapor-retarders, vapor-barriers or other airtight materials.
In winter, when the cold temperatures prevent much moisture from being held in the air, the membrane reduces its permeability to <0.13 perms. This prevents any moisture from the warmer, more humid indoor air from entering the wall or roof assembly. This means the "dew-point" remains on the inside of the INTELLO and condensation is prevented. In summer, the warm outdoor air carries a lot of moisture, raising the relative humidity on all sides of the membrane. The membrane increases its permeability to >13 perms to allow moisture from the warmer, more humid air inside the wall cavity to move into the interior of the building. This prevents any condensation on the inside of the walls. The increase in permeability is triggered when the air moisture content rises above dangerous thresholds of approximately 70-80%.
|Chart of Average Humidities: This chart illustrates the average humidity ranges in winter and summer around the membrane.||Comparing the left hand chart on average humidities to the right hand chart showing the vapor permeability curve, we can see how INTELLO reacts as humidity reaches dangerous levels - opening up radically to allow drying inward.|
The membrane is not directional, so as it becomes more vapor permeable due to rising relative humidity around it the vapor will move through it in the direction of lower vapor pressure. Consequently, INTELLO is not suitable as an interior membrane in consistently high-humidity occupancies like indoor swimming pools.
With this ability to allow for inward drying, INTELLO can provide safety in even the most demanding circumstances. Below is a graph from an extensive Pro Clima study showing the relative drying ability of various vapor retarders.
This demonstrates the performance of different air barriers in one of the worst-case scenarios, where you have a north facing pitched roof at high altitude and a construction loaded with moisture at the outset - as construction often can be. The assembly starts with 6 kg/m2 (1.22 lbs/sq ft) water content inside the assembly as conservative starting point that simulates in case damp construction materials were used. In cases where the inboard OSB, Poly-ethelene (PE) is used as vapor-barriers - these materials can cause moisture problems. They do not allow the initial construction moisture load to dry out - it remains constant at 6 kg/m2. When using Pro Clima's intelligent vapor retarder, INTELLO, it drives down the moisture content to safe levels. For more on this, read our post: Why The Vapor Curve Matters.
INTELLO WUFI Study
The Application of INTELLO
INTELLO is the flagship material in a complete system of air sealing and vapor control that includes tapes, adhesive caulking, and gaskets - giving you robust and long lasting airtightness.
|Roof Membrane/ Wall Membrane||INTELLO PLUS|
|Roof Membrane/ Wall Membrane exposed to weather during construction||INTELLO X|
|Roof Membrane Tape/Wall Membrane Tape/Floor Seam Tape||TESCON VANA|
|Window/Door Frame Tape||CONTEGA SOLIDO SL
CONTEGA SOLIDO EXO
|Wire Penetration Gaskets||KAFLEX Gaskets|
|Pipe/Duct Penetration Gaskets||ROFLEX Gaskets|
|Wall Membrane/Floor Connection||CONTEGA HF|
If you are using dense-pack insulation, cross battens are required to ensure even distribution of pressures. Ideally, the cross-battens provide a service cavity for running wiring and plumbing and thereby limit the number of penetrations in the air- and vapor-control layer.